Peanuts (Mungfali) are also known as groundnut belongs to the species of legume or beans family, Fabaceae. It was first cultivated in the Paraguay valleys. Some other names of the peanuts are earthnuts, goober peas, pygmy nuts, monkey nuts or pig nuts. As it has ‘nut’ word commonly in it’s all the names but the surprising thing is that it is not a nut, it is a legume. Even being a legume, it has all the properties of a nut.
The peanuts have two sets of chromosomes from different species means amphidiploid or allotetraploid. Mungfali is cultivated in the light, acidic and sandy loam soil and takes around 120 to 150 days to get fully ripened after planting of the seeds.
Health Benefits of Peanuts
In a balanced diet, peanuts help in weight loss. They’re full of unsaturated fats, protein, and fibre – all of which increase satiety. This means that you’ll stay full longer without binge eating later on. The result is reduced energy intake and, therefore, less weight gain. Boiled peanuts can be more helpful for weight loss than roasted or raw ones as the former contain lesser calories.
Peanuts are a good complementary food in the treatment of various types of cancer. Peanuts contain compounds called phytosterols that exhibit anticancer properties, especially against breast, colon, and prostate cancer. Eating peanuts or its processed products might even reduce the growth of cancerous cells in women with colorectal cancer.
Peanuts, cooked or otherwise, can help you fight degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and make your body and mind remain in your control longer. They contain a compound called resveratrol that has been proven to reduce cell death, protect the DNA, and prevent neurological damage in Alzheimer’s patients. Boiling or roasting peanuts are preferable as the process might increase the levels of this compound.
Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory condition that impacts more than 50 million American adults. But thanks to the anti-inflammatory advantages of peanuts, joint pain can be decreased. The niacin in peanuts also improves arthritic symptoms while increasing joint mobility. Peanuts are a good natural alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Cook them, roast them, or eat them raw, just as you like.
Peanuts help to combat depression very effectively. Depression becomes a problem due to the decrease in the level of serotonin in the body. In the peanut, tryptophan helps to increase the hormone called serotonin. People who suffer from depression, it is beneficial to consume peanuts.
6#.Helps Lower Cholesterol Levels
The same nutrient which gives peanuts their memory enhancing power also helps lower and control cholesterol levels. Added to that is their copper contents which aids in reducing bad cholesterol and increase good cholesterol levels.
7#.Improves Brain Functioning
Peanut contains niacin and vitamin B3, which helps the brain to work properly and also increases the power of the brain. It contains a resveratrol called flavonoid that improves the circulation of blood in the brain.
Unsaturated fatty acids have amazing anti-inflammatory properties. So if your skin’s stressed out, it’ll love peanuts! These fats protect the skin from sun damage, reducing the risk of wrinkles and sun spots. They even protect collagen-making cells called fibroblasts. With more collagen, fine lines will be less noticeable.
9#.Improve Heart Health
Peanuts contain zinc, copper, sodium, vitamins and phosphorus which reduce the risk of heart disease. It also helps reduce the risk of heart attack and strokes due to minerals found in it.
Peanuts are loaded with fibre which helps in flushing out the excess toxins from your body making it great for your skin. Toxins are responsible for breakouts, excess oil on our skin. Additionally, peanuts have Vitamin C and Vitamin E which prevents wrinkles and signs of ageing.
According to a study conducted over 20 years, eating just one ounce of peanuts every week can reduce the risk of developing gallstones by 25%. The study was conducted on 80,000 women making the results all the more convincing!
12#.Helps Promote Fertility (Folate)
Peanuts contain a good amount of folate. Repeated studies have shown that women who had a daily intake of 400 micrograms of folic acid before and during early pregnancy reduced their risk of having a baby born with a serious neural tube defect by up to 70%.
13#.Reverse The Signs Of Aging
The initial most signs of aging are decreased elasticity, discoloration, fine lines and wrinkles. The signs of aging are also considered as one of the biggest beauty concerns of women from all around the world.
The most natural and effective way to treat this common beauty concern is with a regular intake of peanuts in your daily diet.
Peanuts are a good source of vitamin C which plays a crucial role in the production of collagen in the body. Collagen supports elasticity and firmness in the skin. Consuming peanuts on a daily basis is a natural way of reversing the signs of aging and maintaining a youthful and supple skin.
14#.Good For Skin
Peanuts contain vitamins, antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids which protect the skin from the infections and also helps to reduce skin pimples, acne and stains. Apart from this, it also destroys dead cells, which reduces the problem of dry and lifeless skin.
15#.Prevents Hair Loss
Vitamin C present in peanuts help in the production of collagen, which keeps the tissues in our hair together. They also have l-arginine which is used in treating male pattern baldness, and omega 3 fatty acids which strengthens our hair follicles and promotes hair growth.
So, the next time you see a vendor selling peanuts, make sure to grab a handful. However, some people are allergic to peanuts and peanut products and if you have food allergies, it is better if you avoid them.